Add more to Git Bash on Windows
Git for Windows comes bundled with the “Git Bash” terminal which is incredibly handy for unix-like commands on a windows machine. It is missing a few standard linux utilities, but it is easy to add ones that have a windows binary available.
The basic idea is that
C:\Program Files\Git\mingw64\ is your
/ (“root”) directory according to Git Bash.
If you go to that directory, you will find the typical linux root folder structure (
lib and so on).
note: depending on how you installed it, the directory might be different. Find it by typing
pwd -W. Alternatively, from the start menu, right click on the Git Bash icon and select open file location. It might be something like
mingw64in this directory is your root.
If you are missing a utility, such as wget, track down a binary for windows and copy the files to the corresponding directories.
Sometimes the windows binary have funny prefixes, so you should rename the
.exe file to the standard name.
bin is on the PATH, it will be automatically available to Git Bash.
Note: Some interactive utilities, such as
ipython will not display properly with Git Bash’s mintty terminal.
Try invoking them with
winpty instead, for example
winpty ipython will work nicely.
The Git-for-Windows team is focused on supporting Git, not a full UNIX shell environment.
If you are interested in more complete package, check my notes on Cygwin or Cmder.
Here are some utilities to add:
- Download the latest wget binary for windows from eternallybored (they are available as a zip with documentation, or just an exe)
- If you downloaded the zip, extract all (if windows built in zip utility gives an error, use 7-zip).
- Rename the file
Note: I have noticed some bugs when using Wget on Git Bash to create WARC files. For more complex use of Wget, consider Cygwin instead.
Hugo static site generator can be downloaded as a binary and does not have a installer.
Dropping it into your
bin easily adds it to your Git Bash path.
- Download the Windows 64-bit version from the releases page.
- Unzip, then copy
Xpdf is a handy utility for manipulating PDF files.
- Download the windows version “Xpdf tools”.
- Extract zip.
- Copy the contents of
- Check the docs to get started with tools such as
ExifTool is a utility to read and write embedded metadata in image files.
- Download the “stand-alone Windows Executable” from the ExifTool page (this will be a
.zipfile e.g. “exiftool-11.20.zip”).
- Unzip the downloaded file.
- Inside you will find a file named
exiftool(-k).exe. Rename it to
- Go to ezwinports.
make-4.1-2-without-guile-w32-bin.zip(get the version without guile).
- Extract zip.
- Copy the contents to your
Git\mingw64\merging the folders, but do NOT overwrite/replace any existing files.
As of 2018, recent versions of Git Bash include Nano, so this is unnecessary!
- Download the Nano binary from Nano win32-support page. You just need the
.exefile, which is named
nano-git-0d9a7347243.exe(as of this writing).
- Rename the file to
nano.exe, and copy to the
- This version of Nano will not work with Git Bash alone, but can be invoked using
winpty, for example,
winpty nano test.txt.